Climate Modification and Volcanoes

Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.

Climate Modification and Volcanoes

The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.

It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.

Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.

In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.

One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.

Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.

Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.

Massachusetts loan modification the ultimate solution

Loan modification- the very term is the source of relief to all debt ridden people across the world. It is very true that now a day almost all the world follow the capitalistic financial set up. And in this set up, the chief mantra is to earn much and expense much. And if you once caught in the trap, one day may come that you will find yourself completely drained out. Massachusetts loan modification is such name that may come to your aid.

The matter is intricate; hence undoubtedly the matter is the experts game out and out. It is a fact that so many persons think that executing a living will is enough in this regard. But for your kind information it can be said that they are not such documents which will be statutorily recognized in the states of America and of course the doctors and other persons from the healthcare system is not obliged to follow it out and out. Massachusetts personal injury Framingham, Boston is such a name whom you can trust entirely without doubt.

Naturally having stood in the era of information technology we will think of taking resort to the ever expanding cyber world for that purpose. Nobody can say that that the decision is wrong but it is also true that you will have to keep your eyes open in this regard. You may wonder why! Massachusetts debt relief Springfield is a known name of solution undoubtedly. But the problem lies elsewhere. The online world is now almost saturated with scam companies. And you can easily imagine that taking resort to a scam company means nothing but accelerating the pace of your destruction.

Now please don’t hesitate to shed off the hesitation about bankruptcy. Exemptions based on bankruptcy laws help protect exempted properties from creditors. Properties exempted by bankruptcy laws include a residence up to $5,000, one automobile of up to $1,000, cash up to $400, a cooking range and refrigerator totaling up to $600, personal injury awards up to $5,000, death benefits up to $5,000, household goods and furniture for $1,500, jewelry up to $3,500, tools of trade up to $750, wild card and personal properties up to $400, as well as all pension and education plans. Now just think how much imaginative and helpful it is. Bankruptcy laws also allow exemptions on health aids, alimony and child support aids, property of business partnerships, ERISA-qualified benefits, retirement benefits, firefighters’ and police officers’ death benefits, group life insurance policy benefits, and seal and office registers.

This content has been taken from:

One Sure Way To Find A Reliable Loan Modification,

Eventually you may need to pick a loan modification specialist. This can be very difficult if you don’t know what to do. One way to find a specialist is to do a little investigating, ask a few friends for advice, or consult some professionals who work in this area. Here are some guidelines.

One sure way to find a reliable loan modification specialist or modification firm is to ask people who have used the services of such professionals in the past. Personal recommendations might not give you many names. You may need to explore other avenues of finding help. There are other means of finding a loan modification specialist. Ask your local real estate broker. Due to the very nature of their business, they will know lawyers who have had experience with the procedures involved in foreclosure, financial disasters, and loan modifications.

A simple call to your local state bar association can assist you in finding a lawyer who has experience dealing with situations similar to your own. You might not be comfortable letting your lending institution know how difficult things are for you. However, a talk with the bank manager about your situation may also result in a recommendation.

A foreclosure attorney is another source of finding a loan modification specialist. Due to the nature of their business, these lawyers have dealt with loan modifications while representing their clients. They might be reluctant to offer a name, but you won’t know until you ask.

After you have done the research and found some possible loan modification specialists, narrow your list to three choices. Call the attorney or firm and ask if they would be willing to negotiate a loan modification on your behalf. Don’t jump right in to the process and start giving out personal information right away; take some time to get to know who you are hiring. Even then, never give out your mortgage ID number, driver’s license number, social security number or credit card numbers over the telephone

The Most Popular Job Roles In Finance

There is a plethora of jobs in the finance industry. Many finance jobs are centered around several primary professions such as commercial banking and investment banking. Naturally the most common jobs fall within those two categories. Currently, the more popular of the two is investment banking. Consequently, the most popular job roles in finance are positions in the investment banking arena.

Industry coverage is a large area covered by investment bankers who specialize in product groups such as utilities, aerospace, real estate, etc. This group has a group of senior bankers called Managing Directors which are backed by Directors, Vice Presidents and Associates. The managing director will help strategize the next move for the group as it grows and the team usually recruits new graduates into this group quite aggressively.

Corporate finance is an area with the primary function of raising money for corporate ventures. As an analyst in this group, you would be responsible for preparing registrations and attend road shows where investors are sold securities. Debt Capital Markets or Equity Capital Markets originate new issues of bonds or securities. They advise about the best time to issue these new debts or equities. Mergers and Acquisitions is yet another department which is under investment banking. Mergers and acquisitions generate fee income for investment banks. The bank sets up the acquisition even under market conditions that would make the acquisition unfavorable through creative methods that benefit all parties and the bank gets paid handsomely for their effort.

Project Finance help fund the infrastructure of a government or oil capital project, generally funneling funds from one foreign country to another when other options for borrowing have dried up. Trading is a job with which most of us are familiar. It is sales of securities on the stock market floor or from an office. Structured finance, derivatives, advisory, equity and fixed income research and international sales and emerging markets are other jobs that can be performed in investment banking.

Public finance, retail brokerage or stockbroker, institutional sales and ratings analyst are the remaining positions in investment banking. Many of these jobs are more glamorous than the others, but they all pay well. The most popular job roles in finance include any position in investment banking which comes with a hefty salary and many also pay bonuses. Commission often accompanies any position that generates sales to compensate for performance. Ratings analysts command an average annual salary of 68,000 with an average of 5,000 in bonuses. An exceptional employee should expect a higher salary. A managing director in Industry Coverage can command a salary of 130,000 to 220,000 annually. The job you pursue in Investment Banking will be your personal choice. Your compensation will be excellent and hopefully, you will find a home based on your talent and interests.

Msc Accounting And Finance At The University Of Southampton

If you are thinking about applying to enrol on the MSc Accounting and Finance masters degree at the Management School at the University of Southampton, then here is a quick overview of the course.

The Accounting and Finance MSc course is designed to meet the needs of students who have some knowledge of accounting and finance and who wish to extend their knowledge to an advanced level.

Students who have studied very little accounting or finance and have little relevant work experience are likely to find the programme very challenging indeed.

This MSc Accounting and Finance masters degree course consists of a core covering the main areas of accounting and corporate finance, and a research methods course that supports the dissertation.

Options available on this programme of study allow students to study particular aspects of accounting or taxation in more depth.

For example, there is a pathway within the programme that allows students to concentrate on research-oriented training and more advanced aspects of accounting and finance.

Your understanding of the subjects covered and your ability to use the knowledge and skills gained will be enhanced through a variety of methods and strategies on the MSc Accounting and Finance masters degree.

If you wish to apply to study this MSc in Accounting and Finance you should complete a University of Southampton application form and return it to the Academic Registrar.

Your application to study MSc Accounting and Finance will be carefully considered by a specialist member of the academic staff who will weigh up many factors; not only your academic achievements, interests and aptitudes, but also your motivation and your referee’s confidential report.

At the Management School we make our decisions in most cases on the application form and supporting documents alone. However, candidates who require special consideration, e.g. on grounds of age, disability or non-standard entry qualifications may be interviewed.

Financial Infidelity What Is It

Although many are not familiar with the term financial infidelity, it has increasingly become a problem in many households across America. So what exactly is financial infidelity? Financial Infidelity occurs when one person in a committed relationship spends or hides money without disclosing it to their partner.

Like sexual infidelity, financial infidelity can destroy one’s marriage. Money problems are known to be one of the leading contributors to divorce. Financial infidelity happens to be at the top of the list of money problems that lead to divorce. Shockingly, Jennifer Brand, a family law specialist in Philadelphia, stated -I see more cases of divorce caused by financial infidelity than I do from sexual infidelity.-

So how many people out there are actually lying to their spouses about money? The numbers are surprisingly high. In a recent survey conducted by Harris Interactive, the following results were revealed:

Approximately 1 out of 3 people admit to lying to their partners about finances
One in Four people state that their partners have withheld financial information
Three out of Four people surveyed stated that they fight at least occasionally about money
One in Four adults believe that financial infidelity is worse than sexual infidelity
96% of the group surveyed reported that it is both partners’ responsibility to be completely honest about financial issues.

The results indicate that financial infidelity is a serious problem. As one can imagine, any form of dishonesty in a relationship can lead to serious trust issues. Those trust issues can ultimately break down the emotional connection needed to make a relationship last. The reality is that the effects of financial infidelity on a relationship are no different and oftentimes worse than sexual infidelity. If you are having a problem with being completely honest around your finances with your partner or are having problems getting over financial infidelity in your relationship, you should consider working with a financial therapist.

Nikiya Spence is a licensed psychotherapist, certified money coach, and speaker. Nikiya specializes in helping individuals and couples transform their relationship with money. Visit her website at www.solutionsoflife.com or call 770-638-7145 for a free 30-minute no obligation consultation.

Books To Help Finance Your Projects After Film Courses

You are determined to become a filmmaker. You’ve already taken your first step: applying to film schools. In Canada and abroad, there are many choices. Your life feels ripe with possibility. But you have one fear that haunts you. You wonder if you will really have what it takes after graduation from film courses to make your dreams come true. You have plenty of ideas for movies, that’s for sure. But that doesn’t mean that you know how to finance one. Here are three book ideas to calm these kinds of fears, common amongst new applicants to film schools.

1. 43 Ways to Finance Your Feature Film by John W. Cones

In this book, entertainment lawyer John Cones shares his insider knowledge gleaned from almost two decades helping independent filmmakers navigate the multifaceted world of movie financing. Although the author is based in Los Angeles – where else? – the book includes a discussion of financing from countries other than the United States, and is, therefore, appropriate for new applicants to film schools in Canada and abroad.

This book may turn up on the curriculum of your film courses, but there’s no harm in beginning your research early. Reading on your own increases the likelihood that when you do finally graduate that you will have a firm grounding in such topics as:

industry financing (What is this? It is basically funding by your peers, i.e., other, more established graduates of film schools)
investor financing
lender financing

2. The Fundraising Houseparty: How to Get Charitable Donations From Individuals in a Houseparty Setting by Morrie Warshawski

Although this book could be of use to any kind of fundraiser, it is written with filmmakers in mind. The author explains how graduates of film schools can organize a compelling event, touching on such details as:

planning committees
invitations
food and drink
presentations
thank yous

Warshawski emphasizes the importance of graduates of film courses appealing to the emotions of their potential donors, something to which their craft, fortunately, is uniquely well suited. What is the role of film schools if not to teach students how to appeal to the emotions of their audience?

3. Shaking the Money Tree, 3rd Edition: The Art of Getting Grants and Donations for Film and Video, also by Morrie Warshawski

In this book, Warshawski tackles that topic of supreme interest to staff and students of film schools in Canada and abroad: how to write a winning grant application. This kind of knowledge can even help students in film schools finance their productions for film courses.

If you are anxiously awaiting a wave of fateful letters from films schools in Canada and elsewhere in the world, calm your nerves by advancing your studies on your own. Who knows, it may help you finance one of your film school’s productions once you finally do get that longed for acceptance letter!

Different Types Of Mortgage Modification Scams

One of the kinds of scams that the government is quick to crack down on is foreclosure consultants offering false loan modification services to homeowners facing the loss of their homes . While the government is providing its own modification programs, it is also going after a number of fraudulent schemes that have been used to trick borrowers .

There are a large number of scams that target foreclosure victims, but the loan modification one may be the easiest for the criminals to engage in. The general way it works is that borrowers pay hundreds or thousands of dollars for the services of a loss mitigation company. After signing the agreement and taking the payment, however, the company provides almost no services, resulting in the borrowers losing the property.

Many mortgage modification scams are almost entirely made up of borrowers paying money to a company which then sits on the cash, performs almost no services, and simply disappears or denies giving a refund after thehomes is auctioned. There are hundreds of complaints about such companies, and it seems as if the attorney general of one state or another shuts down a new one every week.

However, there are some differences on the theme, as well. For instance, some loss mitigation companies will take borrowers money and obtain an unaffordable modification program, even if there is a chance to negotiate with the financial institution for a more beneficial arrangement. The company obtains the first, easiest modification possible, presents it to the borrowers, and declares its work done. Unfortunately, though, an unaffordable plan will not help borrowers remain in their houses.

Another variation on the scheme is simply to charge borrowers to attend loan modification seminars. This may be as part of a larger program to help them negotiate for better loan terms, although the seminars can cost upwards of several thousand dollars. If the borrowers do not attend the seminar, they will not receive help from the foreclosure scam company, which will blame the failure on the borrowers.

A final scam related to loan modifications that is being heard of more often is companies charging for loan audits that are performed by someone other than an attorney. Information provided in these audits is also often unnecessary, as the claims that the borrowers are encouraged to raise are barred by the expiration of the statute of limitations for that particular argument. For thousands of dollars, borrowers are told what will not work in defending their homes.

Unfortunately, many borrowers are taken in by these and similar scams every day. States are most often behind in prosecuting and shutting down these companies because there are simply so many of them, and the dollar amounts they steal from borrowers are relatively small. Thus, it is up to the borrowers themselves to make sure they are dealing with a trustworthy company or individual who is offering them foreclosure help or negotiation services in the pursuit of a loan modification or other workout option.

Premium Finance – Create Wealth And Retire Early

Hello, this is Lynette, a Relationship Manager from Premium Finance. I had the most delightful clients in the other day who wanted to go into an investment with their son and daughter -in-law, the motivation being that the son wanted to create wealth and retire early, not like Mum & Dad who were still working in their late fifties.They offered their home as security which was a lovely and generous offer however they didn’t understand the ramifications of doing this. The wanted to borrow the money from the bank in all their names and have a 25% share each in the investment.
The first issue I found was that Mum & Dad had very little superannuation and actually needed much more assistance then the young couple. If the four clients had of went ahead with their plans without seeking advise they would have held each other back in their attempt to create wealth. A bank will take the stand that even though the debt is in 4 names, they take it that each individual actually is responsible for 100% of the repayments on that debt. It is like the other 3 parties don’t exist. This would have resulted in all parties being liable for the debt and as a result each individual would have struggled on their income to obtain any more borrowings from the bank for future investment. This meant that they would have had only the one investment which would not have created the wealth they were seeking. The solution to the problem was that Mum & Dad did assist their son into an investment but in his and his wife’s name only. Mum & Dad also went into their own investment and are on target to do another investment in 6 months thus increasing their asset position and provide an income in retirement. Getting the right loan structure can be vitally important sometimes especially in this case and getting professional advise is a very wise move. Remember the Bank is not your friend and doesn’t have your best interests in mind – WE DO THOUGH !

Choose Medical Equipment Finance To Remain With Technology Advancement

Equipment leasing has become a better advantage with everyone of us. With technology advancement in every field, it has got hold of medical community too. Medical equipment can be so expensive and out of date in a matter of a few years that everyone is opting for medical equipment finance these days. Cash flow and patient care are the two major concerns on the mind of people who are into this business. It is a very sensible thing for hospitals and private physicians to do to keep up with the technology and provide their patients with the best health care.

You have option to buy the equipment anytime during the lease or even at the end of the leasing term. In this way you can know whether the equipment will be beneficial for you in the coming years before you make a huge cash investment. The biggest advantage is that you are able to keep the state- of -art. This ensures optimum patient care and improves profit. If you had the right medical equipment finance, you would earn quite a bit of revenue as your patients will be getting better equipped facilities and the diagnostic tools at their disposal for tests. What more you can expect when your obsolete equipment is replaced with a newer one with latest technology. Moreover, you are not stuck with an instrument that you cannot use any more or even resell.

You can acquire sonogram, endoscope, ultrasound equipment,surgery tools, oxygen tanks, optometry equipment, orthopedic equipment,medical beds, oxygen machines, wheel chairs, x-ray film processing equipment and so on easily with the help of a reliable equipment leasing company. When it comes to big hospitals or health care institutes, medical accounting equipment becomes essential for handling accounts receivable, payable and with other accounting roles too. It is indispensable for big health care institutes and seeking the help of financing company to acquire this equipment is necessary.

Typical lease terms are for 6 months to five years. And it is best if your cash is strapped or you want to conserve your cash for business. This will enable you to obtain the needed piece of equipment without a major cash outlay.